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Bus Types

已有 1499 次阅读2011-4-10 08:03

Bus Types
struct bus_type {
 char   * name;
 struct subsystem subsys;
 struct kset  drivers;
 struct kset  devices;
 struct bus_attribute * bus_attrs;
 struct device_attribute * dev_attrs;
 struct driver_attribute * drv_attrs;
 int  (*match)(struct device * dev, struct device_driver * drv);
 int  (*hotplug) (struct device *dev, char **envp,
        int num_envp, char *buffer, int buffer_size);
 int  (*suspend)(struct device * dev, pm_message_t state);
 int  (*resume)(struct device * dev);
int bus_register(struct bus_type * bus);

Each bus type in the kernel (PCI, USB, etc) should declare one static
object of this type. They must initialize the name field, and may
optionally initialize the match callback.
struct bus_type pci_bus_type = {
       .name = "pci",
       .match = pci_bus_match,
The structure should be exported to drivers in a header file:
extern struct bus_type pci_bus_type;

When a bus driver is initialized, it calls bus_register. This
initializes the rest of the fields in the bus object and inserts it
into a global list of bus types. Once the bus object is registered,
the fields in it are usable by the bus driver.

match(): Attaching Drivers to Devices
The format of device ID structures and the semantics for comparing
them are inherently bus-specific. Drivers typically declare an array
of device IDs of devices they support that reside in a bus-specific
driver structure.
The purpose of the match callback is provide the bus an opportunity to
determine if a particular driver supports a particular device by
comparing the device IDs the driver supports with the device ID of a
particular device, without sacrificing bus-specific functionality or
When a driver is registered with the bus, the bus's list of devices is
iterated over, and the match callback is called for each device that
does not have a driver associated with it.
Device and Driver Lists
The lists of devices and drivers are intended to replace the local
lists that many buses keep. They are lists of struct devices and
struct device_drivers, respectively. Bus drivers are free to use the
lists as they please, but conversion to the bus-specific type may be
The LDM core provides helper functions for iterating over each list.
int bus_for_each_dev(struct bus_type * bus, struct device * start, void * data,
       int (*fn)(struct device *, void *));
int bus_for_each_drv(struct bus_type * bus, struct device_driver * start,
       void * data, int (*fn)(struct device_driver *, void *));
These helpers iterate over the respective list, and call the callback
for each device or driver in the list. All list accesses are
synchronized by taking the bus's lock (read currently). The reference
count on each object in the list is incremented before the callback is
called; it is decremented after the next object has been obtained. The
lock is not held when calling the callback.

There is a top-level directory named 'bus'.
Each bus gets a directory in the bus directory, along with two default
 |-- devices
 `-- drivers
Drivers registered with the bus get a directory in the bus's drivers
 |-- devices
 `-- drivers
     |-- Intel ICH
     |-- Intel ICH Joystick
     |-- agpgart
     `-- e100
Each device that is discovered on a bus of that type gets a symlink in
the bus's devices directory to the device's directory in the physical
 |-- devices
 |   |-- 00:00.0 -> ../../../root/pci0/00:00.0
 |   |-- 00:01.0 -> ../../../root/pci0/00:01.0
 |   `-- 00:02.0 -> ../../../root/pci0/00:02.0
 `-- drivers

Exporting Attributes
struct bus_attribute {
 struct attribute attr;
 ssize_t (*show)(struct bus_type *, char * buf);
 ssize_t (*store)(struct bus_type *, const char * buf, size_t count);
Bus drivers can export attributes using the BUS_ATTR macro that works
similarly to the DEVICE_ATTR macro for devices. For example, a definition
like this:
static BUS_ATTR(debug,0644,show_debug,store_debug);
is equivalent to declaring:
static bus_attribute bus_attr_debug;
This can then be used to add and remove the attribute from the bus's
sysfs directory using:
int bus_create_file(struct bus_type *, struct bus_attribute *);
void bus_remove_file(struct bus_type *, struct bus_attribute *);







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