C语言经典算法50-67

2017年10月09日 16:10    ludi
关键词: 嵌入式

【程序50
题目:#include 的应用练习
1.程序分析:
2.程序源代码:
test.h 文件如下:
#define LAG >
#define SMA <
#define EQ ==
#include "test.h" /*一个新文件50.c,包含test.h*/
#include "stdio.h"
void main()
{ int i=10;
int j=20;
if(i LAG j)
printf("\40: %d larger than %d \n",i,j);
else if(i EQ j)
printf("\40: %d equal to %d \n",i,j);
else if(i SMA j)
printf("\40:%d smaller than %d \n",i,j);
else
printf("\40: No such value.\n");
}
【程序51
题目:学习使用按位与 &
1.程序分析:0&0=0; 0&1=0; 1&0=0; 1&1=1
2.程序源代码:
#include "stdio.h"
main()
{
int a,b;
a=077;
b=a&3;
printf("\40: The a & b(decimal) is %d \n",b);
b&=7;
printf("\40: The a & b(decimal) is %d \n",b);
}
==============================================================
【程序52
题目:学习使用按位或 |
1.程序分析:0|0=0; 0|1=1; 1|0=1; 1|1=1
2.程序源代码:
#include "stdio.h"
main()
{
int a,b;
a=077;
b=a|3;
printf("\40: The a & b(decimal) is %d \n",b);
b|=7;
printf("\40: The a & b(decimal) is %d \n",b);
}
==============================================================
【程序53嵌入式信盈达企鹅要妖气呜呜吧久零纪要
题目:学习使用按位异或 ^
1.程序分析:0^0=0; 0^1=1; 1^0=1; 1^1=0
2.程序源代码:
#include "stdio.h"
main()
{
int a,b;
a=077;
b=a^3;
printf("\40: The a & b(decimal) is %d \n",b);
b^=7;
printf("\40: The a & b(decimal) is %d \n",b);
}
==============================================================
【程序54
题目:取一个整数a从右端开始的47位。
程序分析:可以这样考虑:
(1)先使a右移4位。
(2)设置一个低4位全为1,其余全为0的数。可用~(~0<<4)
(3)将上面二者进行&运算。
2.程序源代码:
main()
{
unsigned a,b,c,d;
scanf("%o",&a);
b=a>>4;
c=~(~0<<4);
d=b&c;
printf("%o\n%o\n",a,d);
}
==============================================================
【程序55
题目:学习使用按位取反~
1.程序分析:~0=1; ~1=0;
2.程序源代码:
#include "stdio.h"
main()
{
int a,b;
a=234;
b=~a;
printf("\40: The a's 1 complement(decimal) is %d \n",b);
a=~a;
printf("\40: The a's 1 complement(hexidecimal) is %x \n",a);
}
==============================================================
【程序56
题目:画图,学用circle画圆形。
1.程序分析:
2.程序源代码:
/*circle*/
#include "graphics.h"
main()
{int driver,mode,i;
float j=1,k=1;
driver=VGA;mode=VGAHI;
initgraph(&driver,&mode,"");
setbkcolor(YELLOW);
for(i=0;i<=25;i++)
{
setcolor(8);
circle(310,250,k);
k=k+j;
j=j+0.3;
}
}
==============================================================
【程序57
题目:画图,学用line画直线。
1.程序分析:
2.程序源代码:
#include "graphics.h"
main()
{int driver,mode,i;
float x0,y0,y1,x1;
float j=12,k;
driver=VGA;mode=VGAHI;
initgraph(&driver,&mode,"");
setbkcolor(GREEN);
x0=263;y0=263;y1=275;x1=275;
for(i=0;i<=18;i++)
{
setcolor(5);
line(x0,y0,x0,y1);
x0=x0-5;
y0=y0-5;
x1=x1+5;
y1=y1+5;
j=j+10;
}
x0=263;y1=275;y0=263;
for(i=0;i<=20;i++)
{
setcolor(5);
line(x0,y0,x0,y1);
x0=x0+5;
y0=y0+5;
y1=y1-5;
}
}
==============================================================
【程序58
题目:画图,学用rectangle画方形。
1.程序分析:利用for循环控制100-999个数,每个数分解出个位,十位,百位。
2.程序源代码:
#include "graphics.h"
main()
{int x0,y0,y1,x1,driver,mode,i;
driver=VGA;mode=VGAHI;
initgraph(&driver,&mode,"");
setbkcolor(YELLOW);
x0=263;y0=263;y1=275;x1=275;
for(i=0;i<=18;i++)
{
setcolor(1);
rectangle(x0,y0,x1,y1);
x0=x0-5;
y0=y0-5;
x1=x1+5;
y1=y1+5;
}
settextstyle(DEFAULT_FONT,HORIZ_DIR,2);
outtextxy(150,40,"How beautiful it is!");
line(130,60,480,60);
setcolor(2);
circle(269,269,137);
}
==============================================================
【程序59
题目:画图,综合例子。
1.程序分析:
2.程序源代码:
# define PAI 3.1415926
# define B 0.809
# include "graphics.h"
#include "math.h"
main()
{
int i,j,k,x0,y0,x,y,driver,mode;
float a;
driver=CGA;mode=CGAC0;
initgraph(&driver,&mode,"");
setcolor(3);
setbkcolor(GREEN);
x0=150;y0=100;
circle(x0,y0,10);
circle(x0,y0,20);
circle(x0,y0,50);
for(i=0;i<16;i++)
{
a=(2*PAI/16)*i;
x=ceil(x0+48*cos(a));
y=ceil(y0+48*sin(a)*B);
setcolor(2); line(x0,y0,x,y);}
setcolor(3);circle(x0,y0,60);
/* Make 0 time normal size letters */
settextstyle(DEFAULT_FONT,HORIZ_DIR,0);
outtextxy(10,170,"press a key");
getch();
setfillstyle(HATCH_FILL,YELLOW);
floodfill(202,100,WHITE);
getch();
for(k=0;k<=500;k++)
{
setcolor(3);
for(i=0;i<=16;i++)
{
a=(2*PAI/16)*i+(2*PAI/180)*k;
x=ceil(x0+48*cos(a));
y=ceil(y0+48+sin(a)*B);
setcolor(2); line(x0,y0,x,y);
}
for(j=1;j<=50;j++)
{
a=(2*PAI/16)*i+(2*PAI/180)*k-1;
x=ceil(x0+48*cos(a));
y=ceil(y0+48*sin(a)*B);
line(x0,y0,x,y);
}
}
restorecrtmode();
}
==============================================================
【程序60
题目:画图,综合例子。
1.程序分析:
2.程序源代码:
#include "graphics.h"
#define LEFT 0
#define TOP 0
#define RIGHT 639
#define BOTTOM 479
#define LINES 400
#define MAXCOLOR 15
main()
{
int driver,mode,error;
int x1,y1;
int x2,y2;
int dx1,dy1,dx2,dy2,i=1;
int count=0;
int color=0;
driver=VGA;
mode=VGAHI;
initgraph(&driver,&mode,"");
x1=x2=y1=y2=10;
dx1=dy1=2;
dx2=dy2=3;
while(!kbhit())
{
line(x1,y1,x2,y2);
x1+=dx1;y1+=dy1;
x2+=dx2;y2+dy2;
if(x1<=LEFT||x1>=RIGHT)
dx1=-dx1;
if(y1<=TOP||y1>=BOTTOM)
dy1=-dy1;
if(x2<=LEFT||x2>=RIGHT)
dx2=-dx2;
if(y2<=TOP||y2>=BOTTOM)
dy2=-dy2;
if(++count>LINES)
{
setcolor(color);
color=(color>=MAXCOLOR)?0:++color;
}
}
closegraph();
}

【程序61
题目:打印出杨辉三角形(要求打印出10行如下图)
1.程序分析:
1
1 1
1 2 1
1 3 3 1
1 4 6 4 1
1 5 10 10 5 1
2.程序源代码:
main()
{int i,j;
int a[10][10];
printf("\n");
for(i=0;i<10;i++)
{a[0]=1;
a=1;}
for(i=2;i<10;i++)
for(j=1;j a[j]=a[i-1][j-1]+a[i-1][j];
for(i=0;i<10;i++)
{for(j=0;j<=i;j++)
printf("]",a[j]);
printf("\n");
}
}
==============================================================
【程序62
题目:学习putpixel画点。
1.程序分析:
2.程序源代码:
#include "stdio.h"
#include "graphics.h"
main()
{
int i,j,driver=VGA,mode=VGAHI;
initgraph(&driver,&mode,"");
setbkcolor(YELLOW);
for(i=50;i<=230;i+=20)
for(j=50;j<=230;j++)
putpixel(i,j,1);
for(j=50;j<=230;j+=20)
for(i=50;i<=230;i++)
putpixel(i,j,1);
}
==============================================================
【程序63
题目:画椭圆ellipse
1.程序分析:
2.程序源代码:
#include "stdio.h"
#include "graphics.h"
#include "conio.h"
main()
{
int x=360,y=160,driver=VGA,mode=VGAHI;
int num=20,i;
int top,bottom;
initgraph(&driver,&mode,"");
top=y-30;
bottom=y-30;
for(i=0;i{
ellipse(250,250,0,360,top,bottom);
top-=5;
bottom+=5;
}
getch();
}
==============================================================
【程序64
题目:利用ellipse and rectangle 画图。
1.程序分析:
2.程序源代码:
#include "stdio.h"
#include "graphics.h"
#include "conio.h"
main()
{
int driver=VGA,mode=VGAHI;
int i,num=15,top=50;
int left=20,right=50;
initgraph(&driver,&mode,"");
for(i=0;i{
ellipse(250,250,0,360,right,left);
ellipse(250,250,0,360,20,top);
rectangle(20-2*i,20-2*i,10*(i+2),10*(i+2));
right+=5;
left+=5;
top+=10;
}
getch();
}
==============================================================
【程序65
题目:一个最优美的图案。
1.程序分析:
2.程序源代码:
#include "graphics.h"
#include "math.h"
#include "dos.h"
#include "conio.h"
#include "stdlib.h"
#include "stdio.h"
#include "stdarg.h"
#define MAXPTS 15
#define PI 3.1415926
struct PTS {
int x,y;
};
double AspectRatio=0.85;
void LineToDemo(void)
{
struct viewporttype vp;
struct PTS points[MAXPTS];
int i, j, h, w, xcenter, ycenter;
int radius, angle, step;
double rads;
printf(" MoveTo / LineTo Demonstration" );
getviewsettings( &vp );
h = vp.bottom - vp.top;
w = vp.right - vp.left;
xcenter = w / 2; /* Determine the center of circle */
ycenter = h / 2;
radius = (h - 30) / (AspectRatio * 2);
step = 360 / MAXPTS; /* Determine # of increments */
angle = 0; /* Begin at zero degrees */
for( i=0 ; irads = (double)angle * PI / 180.0; /* Convert angle to radians */
points.x = xcenter + (int)( cos(rads) * radius );
points.y = ycenter - (int)( sin(rads) * radius * AspectRatio );
angle += step; /* Move to next increment */
}
circle( xcenter, ycenter, radius ); /* Draw bounding circle */
for( i=0 ; ifor( j=i ; jmoveto(points.x, points.y); /* Move to beginning of cord */
lineto(points[j].x, points[j].y); /* Draw the cord */
} } }
main()
{int driver,mode;
driver=CGA;mode=CGAC0;
initgraph(&driver,&mode,"");
setcolor(3);
setbkcolor(GREEN);
LineToDemo();}
==============================================================
【程序66
题目:输入3个数a,b,c,按大小顺序输出。
1.程序分析:利用指针方法。
2.程序源代码:
/*pointer*/
main()
{
int n1,n2,n3;
int *pointer1,*pointer2,*pointer3;
printf("please input 3 number:n1,n2,n3:");
scanf("%d,%d,%d",&n1,&n2,&n3);
pointer1=&n1;
pointer2=&n2;
pointer3=&n3;
if(n1>n2) swap(pointer1,pointer2);
if(n1>n3) swap(pointer1,pointer3);
if(n2>n3) swap(pointer2,pointer3);
printf("the sorted numbers are:%d,%d,%d\n",n1,n2,n3);
}
swap(p1,p2)
int *p1,*p2;
{int p;
p=*p1;*p1=*p2;*p2=p;
}
==============================================================
【程序67
题目:输入数组,最大的与第一个元素交换,最小的与最后一个元素交换,输出数组。
1.程序分析:谭浩强的书中答案有问题。
2.程序源代码:
main()
{
int number[10];
input(number);
max_min(number);
output(number);
}
input(number)
int number[10];
{int i;
for(i=0;i<9;i++)
scanf("%d,",&number);
scanf("%d",&number[9]);
}
max_min(array)
int array[10];
{int *max,*min,k,l;
int *p,*arr_end;
arr_end=array+10;
max=min=array;
for(p=array+1;p if(*p>*max) max=p;
else if(*p<*min) min=p;
k=*max;
l=*min;
*p=array[0];array[0]=l;l=*p;
*p=array[9];array[9]=k;k=*p;
return;
}
output(array)
int array[10];
{ int *p;
for(p=array;p printf("%d,",*p);
printf("%d\n",array[9]);
}
==============================================================


欢迎分享本文,转载请保留出处:http://www.eechina.com/thread-517547-1-1.html     【打印本页】
您需要登录后才可以发表评论 登录 | 立即注册

相关文章

相关视频演示

厂商推荐

关于我们  -  服务条款  -  使用指南  -  站点地图  -  友情链接  -  联系我们
电子工程网 © 版权所有   京ICP备16069177号 | 京公网安备11010502021702
回顶部