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转帖 认识《冰川时代3》搞怪史前动物的真面目 [复制链接]

phoenixmy (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-14 21:46:04 |显示全部楼层
《冰川时代3》在炎炎夏日清凉上映,去电影院捧腹大笑之时,你有没有想过这些史前动物的真面目究竟是怎么样的呢?这就为您揭开《冰河世纪》中主要角色的神秘面纱。



《冰川时代3》猛犸象的真面目





猛犸象 woolly mammoth

曼尼是《冰河世纪》中性情温和而稳重的长毛象,这种曾经称霸冰河世纪的动物缘何灭绝于世?

猛犸生活在约1万1千年前,首次出现是480万年前,约5000年前神秘灭绝,古脊椎动物,哺乳纲,长鼻目,真象科。学名真猛犸象,也称长毛猛犸象。猛犸是鞑靼语“地下居住者”的意思,曾经是世界上最大的象。它身高体壮,有粗壮的腿,脚生四趾,头特别大,在其嘴部长出一对弯曲的大门牙。猛犸象以自己整个种群的灭亡标志了第四纪冰川时代的结束。也有一说是因为人类的屠杀造成了猛犸象的灭绝。

经典《冰河世纪》可爱片尾Send Me on My Way

Manny is a woolly mammoth shown as one of the main characters in all three Ice Age films. While his true name is Manfred, many other characters throughout the films refer to him as simply "Manny".

The woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), also called the tundra mammoth, is an extinct species of mammoth. This animal is known from bones and frozen carcasses from northern North America and northern Eurasia with the best preserved carcasses in Siberia. This mammoth species was first recorded in (possibly 150,000 years old) deposits of the second last glaciation in Eurasia. They were derived from steppe mammoths (Mammuthus trogontherii)


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phoenixmy (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-14 21:46:52 |显示全部楼层
《冰川时代3》地獭的真面目



地獭 sloth

《冰河世纪》中的席德是一只地獭,同现在动作迟缓的树懒是近亲,看这性格脾气、行动风格,也实在相去甚远。

巨型地獭,居住在数万年前的阿根廷彭巴斯大草原,又名美洲大地懒。这种动物生活在距今约1万年至10万年前的南美洲大陆,为当时体型最大的哺乳动物。身高可达6公尺,体重约5吨,前肢和后肢都具有强壮且尖锐的爪子。可以直立,并能用它那强壮的手臂与巨大的爪子将整个树枝拔下。它也是在第四纪大冰川期灭绝的。




Sid is a ground sloth shown in all three films as one of the main characters. While he is always called "Sid", Sid's full name is Sidney, as revealed by his would-be paramour Sylvia.

Ground sloths are a diverse group of extinct sloths, in the mammalian superorder Xenarthra. They may have died out as recently as 1550 AD in Hispaniola and Cuba, but had long since been extinct on the mainland of North and South America. The term "ground sloth" is used as a reference for all extinct sloths because of the large size of the earliest forms discovered, as opposed to the extant "tree sloths." However, this is an historical convention and does not imply that all extinct sloths were strictly terrestrial in nature. The megalonychid ground sloths first appeared in the early Oligocene, about 35 million years ago, in southern Argentina (Patagonia).
phoenixmy (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-14 21:47:35 |显示全部楼层
《冰川时代3》剑齿虎的真面目

剑齿虎 Smilodon

迪亚哥是《冰河世纪》中善战但同样心地善良的剑齿虎,他并不像自己的外表那么吓人,但真实的剑齿虎是这样的么?

剑齿虎一直生活到距今100万年前的更新世。它是大型猫科动物进化中的一个旁支, 生活在距今300 万~1.5 万年前的更新世——全新世时期, 与进化中的人类祖先共同渡过了近300 万年的时间。剑齿虎的体形大约与现代虎差不多,但是它的上犬齿却比起现代虎的犬齿大得多,甚至比野猪雄兽的獠牙还要大,如同两柄倒插的短剑一般。剑齿虎是个孤独的伏击杀手。它是如何利用自己的獠牙捕杀猎物的?人们却对此知之甚少。但根据比较附着在美洲豹头骨上的咬合肌,得知剑齿虎的撕咬能力相当惊人。



Diego is a Smilodon who was seen in all of the three films.

Smilodon, sometimes called sabre-toothed cat, is an extinct genus of large machairodontine saber-toothed cats that lived between approximately 2.5 million to 10,000 years ago in North and South America. They are called "sabre-toothed" for the extreme length of their maxillary canines. The La Brea tar pits in California trapped hundreds of Smilodon in the tar, possibly as they tried to feed on mammoths already trapped. The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County has many of their complete skeletons. Despite the colloquial name of "sabre-toothed tiger", Smilodon is not closely related to a tiger, which belongs to another subfamily, the Pantherinae; Smilodon is a member of the extinct subfamily Machairodontinae.
phoenixmy (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-14 21:48:10 |显示全部楼层
《冰川时代3》松鼠的真面目



松鼠 squirrel

《冰河世纪》里头让人印象最深刻的,就属这只外形狰狞的松鼠了。这是动画片中夸张塑造的一个角色,就算是冰川纪,也没有这么饿到穷凶恶极的松鼠哦。

松鼠体形通常中等大小,是寒温带针叶林和混交林中的典型代表动物。松鼠上颌臼齿为5枚,下颌4枚,上下颚臼齿数量不一。前后肢间无皮翼。四肢强健,趾有锐爪,爪端呈钩状,体重通常在350克左右,雌性个体比雄性个体稍重一些。松鼠体态端庄而轻盈,体长大约为18-26厘米,尾长而粗大,尾长为体长的三分之二以上,但不及体长。



Scrat is a sabre-toothed squirrel shown all three films.

A squirrel is one of many small or medium-sized rodents in the family Sciuridae. In the English-speaking world, squirrel commonly refers to members of this family's genera Sciurus and Tamiasciurus, which are tree squirrels with large bushy tails, indigenous to Asia, the Americas and Europe. Similar genera are found in Africa. The Sciuridae family also include flying squirrels, as well as ground squirrels such as the chipmunks, prairie dogs, and woodchucks.
phoenixmy (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-14 21:48:36 |显示全部楼层
《冰川时代3》负鼠的真面目


负鼠 opossum

第二部《冰河世纪》中增加了一头老以为自己是负鼠的女猛犸象,还老爱学兄长把自己给倒吊在树枝上。那么负鼠又是一种怎样神奇的动物咧?

负鼠是有袋目负鼠科的通称。是一种比较原始的有袋类动物,主要产自拉丁美洲。为中、小型兽类。大多数具有能缠绕的长尾,因此母负鼠能随身携带幼鼠到处奔跑。尾毛稀疏并覆以鳞片。少数种类尾短而具厚毛。四肢短,均具5趾。拇指大,无爪,能对握。平时,负鼠喜欢生活在树上。它行动十分小心,常常先用后脚钩住树枝,站稳之后再考虑下一步动作。它们会在疾奔中突然立定不动,捕捉它们的动物往往会被这个动作吓得大吃一惊;负鼠在来不及躲避敌害时,往往装死,这不是它聪明的举动而是它被吓的暂时的休克。


《冰河世纪3》搞怪小插曲:Walk the Dinosaur

Crash and Eddie are two fraternal twin brother opossums that appear in the second film. These two brothers were the adopted brothers of Ellie the mammoth, but cared for her all the same, even teaching her to hang by her tail from a tree branch when she slept as they did.

Didelphimorphs are small to medium-sized marsupials, with the largest about the size of a large house cat, and the smallest the size of a mouse. They tend to be semi-arboreal omnivores, although there are many exceptions. Most members of this taxon have long snouts, a narrow braincase, and a prominent sagittal crest.

phoenixmy (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-14 21:49:08 |显示全部楼层
《冰川时代3》鼬鼠的真面目



鼬鼠 weasel

这是《冰河世纪》第三部中的新角色,一只叫做Buck的鼬鼠,这位疯疯癫癫的独眼龙老兄是不是让你想起了《狮子王》中经典的猫釉丁满咧?

鼬鼠有一种体形很小的黄鼠狼,它广泛分布于亚北极地区的丛林中,有时也穿越丛林的边缘进入北极苔原,但严格说来,它们算不上是北极居民。常年生活在北极草原上的最小的食肉动物是鼬鼠,或称之为貂,它们才是真正的北极居民。



Buck (short for Buckminster) was a weasel that makes an appearance in Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs.

Originally, the name "weasel" was applied to one species of the genus, the European form of the Least Weasel (Mustela nivalis). Early literary references to weasels, for example their common appearances in fables, refer to this species rather than to the genus as a whole, reflecting what is still the common usage in the United Kingdom. In technical discourse, however, as in American usage, the term "weasel" can refer to any member of the genus, or to the genus as a whole.
phoenixmy (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-14 21:49:36 |显示全部楼层
《冰川时代3》霸王龙的真面目


霸王龙 tyrannosaurus

《冰河世纪》第三部中另一个看点就是地獭母性大发,养了仨霸王龙宝宝,非常爆笑。印象中霸王龙是一种非常残暴的恐龙,但近年来的新发现可能为之正名哦。

暴龙又名霸王龙,身长约13公尺,体重约7公吨,生存于距今约6850万年到6550万年的是白垩纪末期。暴龙是二足恐龙,拥有大型头颅骨,并藉由长而重的尾巴来保持平衡。相对于它们大而强壮的后肢,暴龙的前肢非常小。长久以来,暴龙被认为只有两根手指,但在2007年发现的一个完整的暴龙化石,显示它们可能具有三根手指。暴龙的饮食习性现时不明:随着科学家利用暴龙的骸骨来制作模型,以模拟它们的行为,实验结果使他们认为暴龙其实应该是种食腐动物;另外,甚至亦有科学家指当时根本没有足够肉食以供暴龙食用,所以大多数时候它们都是吃素的。这些观点互相矛盾,到现在还未有统一的结论。



Momma was a female Tyrannosaurus that took Sid the sloth away from his herd when he took her eggs from her.

Tyrannosaurus (meaning 'tyrant lizard') was a genus of theropod dinosaur. The species Tyrannosaurus rex ('rex' meaning 'king' in Latin), commonly abbreviated to T. rex, is a fixture in popular culture. It lived throughout what is now western North America, with a much wider range than other tyrannosaurids. Fossils are found in a variety of rock formations dating to the last three million years of the Cretaceous Period, approximately 68 to 65 million years ago. It was among the last non-avian dinosaurs to exist prior to the Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction event.
zg_z (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-14 22:01:29 |显示全部楼层
哈哈,前2天忍不住,搞了个影版浏览了一下,那个独眼龙鼬鼠相当牛X...
不过有些夸张了,恐龙和这些动物就不在同一个年代,而且居然住在地底下...还是1和2经典...
人生而自由,却无往不在枷锁之中
诸葛孔明 (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-14 22:21:49 |显示全部楼层
还没有看呢,不过很期待。
夫君子之行,静以修身,俭以养德,非淡泊无以明志,非宁静无以致远。
zg_z (离线)
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发表于 2009-7-15 08:21:52 |显示全部楼层
LS,坚持等高清啊...影版太恶心.(PS:不会有人BS我看盗版碟吧...)
人生而自由,却无往不在枷锁之中
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