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使用Boost-用Asio实现简易Echo Server

已有 363 次阅读2014-2-11 16:08

使用Boost-用Asio实现简易Echo Server
一、编写代码

注:以下代码取自boost 1.40的示例代码:

// // async_tcp_echo_server.cpp // ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ // // Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Christopher M. Kohlhoff (chris at kohlhoff dot com) // // Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying // file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt) // #include <cstdlib> #include <iostream> #include <boost/bind.hpp> #include <boost/asio.hpp> using boost::asio::ip::tcp; class session { public: session(boost::asio::io_service& io_service) : socket_(io_service) { } tcp::socket& socket() { return socket_; } void start() { socket_.async_read_some(boost::asio::buffer(data_, max_length), boost::bind(&session::handle_read, this, boost::asio::placeholders::error, boost::asio::placeholders::bytes_transferred)); } void handle_read(const boost::system::error_code& error, size_t bytes_transferred) { if (!error) { boost::asio::async_write(socket_, boost::asio::buffer(data_, bytes_transferred), boost::bind(&session::handle_write, this, boost::asio::placeholders::error)); } else { delete this; } } void handle_write(const boost::system::error_code& error) { if (!error) { socket_.async_read_some(boost::asio::buffer(data_, max_length), boost::bind(&session::handle_read, this, boost::asio::placeholders::error, boost::asio::placeholders::bytes_transferred)); } else { delete this; } } private: tcp::socket socket_; enum { max_length = 1024 }; char data_[max_length]; }; class server { public: server(boost::asio::io_service& io_service, short port) : io_service_(io_service), acceptor_(io_service, tcp::endpoint(tcp::v4(), port)) { session* new_session = new session(io_service_); acceptor_.async_accept(new_session->socket(), boost::bind( &server::handle_accept, this, new_session, boost::asio::placeholders::error)); } void handle_accept(session* new_session, const boost::system::error_code& error) { if (!error) { new_session->start(); new_session = new session(io_service_); acceptor_.async_accept(new_session->socket(), boost::bind( &server::handle_accept, this, new_session, boost::asio::placeholders::error)); } else { delete new_session; } } private: boost::asio::io_service& io_service_; tcp::acceptor acceptor_; }; int main(int argc, char* argv[]) { try { if (argc != 2) { std::cerr << "Usage: async_tcp_echo_server <port>\n"; return 1; } boost::asio::io_service io_service; using namespace std; // For atoi. server s(io_service, atoi(argv[1])); io_service.run(); } catch (std::exception& e) { std::cerr << "Exception: " << e.what() << "\n"; } return 0; }二、编译代码$ g++ -g3 -Wall -o"async_tcp_echo_server" async_tcp_echo_server.cpp -lboost_system

注意:boost.asio库依赖boost_system

三、运行 async_tcp_echo_server$ ./async_tcp_echo_server 8868   # 8868 是async_tcp_echo_server listen的端口号四、用 telnet 命令作为客户端测试

新开启一个终端,注意:同样要登录到Linux实验室,执行: telnet localhost 8868

$ telnet localhost 8868 Trying ::1... Trying 127.0.0.1... Connected to localhost. Escape character is '^]'. the first line    # 这是我们的输入 the first line    # 这是服务器 async_tcp_echo_server 的回应,以下类推 the second line the second line welcome to xuanyuan-soft.org.cn! welcome to xuanyuan-soft.org.cn!五、关于Boost更多的信息

请访问Boost的主页:http://www.boost.org/


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